November 14, 2021 · Timber · (No comments)

By Kawafang Tivida

If your garden is not attacked by the pests, the gardening is easy. In fact, the gardening is not easy. There are a lot of factors that will harmful your garden. The most important factor is the pests.

The pests may be prevented by the garden cleanliness. Like the human, they will protect the illness by the healthful conditions.

You should to plan about How to keeping the pests down?. The earthworms will stir up the soil. This makes the soil to contact the water and air for all times. The insect is the best feed of the bird. Some insects will harmful the other insects, too. The toads are the wonderful insect hunter. They will eat a lot of small insects all day. They are the best friend of your garden.

You should try to change your garden to the attractive garden for the birds and toads. You must have the bird house, the water place and the sprinkle in your garden especially in spring. The bird will stay in your garden. In the hot summer, the toads will rest in the cool shadow in day time and they will ready to hunt in the night time. You need to help the toads by set up the suitable place for them. Putting the vary size of stones under the shade or in the cool and damp area is the good idea. The toads like in live in the dark, cool, quiet and damp area.


If we classified the insect class by the working of them, there are 2 kinds of the insects.

The first kind is the insect who gnaw at the plant. They will use the fit mouth like the grasshoppers and caterpillars.

The second kind is the insect who suck the juice from the plant like the plant lice. Their work is similar to the mosquito work. The mosquito will prey on the people. If there is a lot of this insect type on the plant, the plant will die by the sucking.

The certain insecticide is directly attacking the insects. It is sprayed on the plants. It will fall upon the insects. So they will die by the absorption of the poison into the body.

If your garden is attacked by the underground insects, the ant hills will covered your garden. This is the good idea. But you should be careful about the undesired problems.

The plant lice are the most common insect. The colors of the plant lice are red, yellow, green or brown. But most of them are green. They will suck the plant by cling close to the part of the plant. It is not too hard to find them.

The rose bushes are attacked by the rose slugs. Their characteristics are the soft bodies; the bodys color is green and yellow. They eat all the leaves of the rose.

The melons and squash leaves are damaged by the beetles. They eat the leaves by left the holes in it. The color of the beetles back is black with yellow stripes. The tomato worm is the common pest in the vegetable garden. It will eat the young fruits. It is the yellow and green worm.

About the Author: Kawafang Tivida is a freelance writer and webmaster of

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August 24, 2020 · Timber · (No comments)

Identifying The Main Uses of Copper Sulphate



Copper sulphate is one of the most important industrial chemicals in use. Its extensive use in agriculture, health and medicine and various areas in industries call for continual production of this substance. This compound is prepared by the chemical reaction of sulphuric acid to a variety of cupric or copper (II) compounds like copper (II) oxide. Another way to prepare the substance is through the electrolysis of sulphuric acid with copper electrodes.


Copper sulphate has been used several thousand years ago. Ancient Egyptian civilization had discovered the purpose of copper sulphate in dyeing. This purpose has survived until today, more than five thousand years after its inception. The Greeks saw some of the medical uses of the bluish substance. It was used to treat some diseases of the lungs. Today a wide range of applications of copper sulphate can be seen in many fields. 1. Agricultural uses Copper sulphate, which commonly occurs in nature as copper sulphate pentahydrate, is one of the most important substances widely utilized in agriculture because of its fungicidal and pesticidal properties. It is mixed with lime to form Bordeaux mixture which controls fungal growth that may damage different crops. Perhaps one of the most important uses of copper sulphate is its fungicidal abilities. For instance, the application of cupric sulphate and ammonium carbonate prevents damping off in seedlings. Damping off is the rotting of young shoots of seedlings. Copper sulphate and other copper compounds control fungal diseases in apples, almonds, avocadoes, bananas, beans, barley, carrots, cherries, chrysanthemums, rice, roses, sunflowers, sweet potatoes, etc. It was in 1761 when the fungicidal properties of copper sulphate were discovered in agriculture. Farmers found out that seeds soaked in dilute solutions of copper sulphate were not infected with fungus. It has been practiced since then. The same thing was done to cereal seeds in the 1800s. The popular Bordeaux mixture came as a breakthrough sometime in the late 19th century when grapes, smeared with copper sulphate and lime to make them look distasteful, became free from downy mildew. That instance heralded the beginning of the application of copper sulphate in farming. Bordeaux mixture is composed of copper sulphate and lime. Another important mixture is the Burgundy mixture derived from the mentioned copper compound and sodium carbonate. Both are used to control fungus when properly applied at right amounts. Aside from fungicidal properties, the compound is also used to treat copper deficiency in soils. Soils with insufficient copper cannot supply plants well and animals grazing on copper deficient plants will in turn become copper deficient too. Altogether, these properties of copper sulphate and other copper compounds have become increasingly useful in farming and in livestock. 2. Health-related and medical uses The ability of cupric sulphate to kill fungi, bacteria, and parasites is not only confined in the fields of agriculture. This ability is used to keep algal blooms away from swimming pools and water reservoirs. Athlete’s foot can be controlled in tropical countries by including the substance in floor cleaning mixture. Copper sulphate also eradicates the snails that harbor the parasite that causes Schistosomiasis in humans. It kills mosquito larvae which causes malaria. In medicine it is used in the preparation of various pharmaceutical products. 3. Industrial uses Copper sulphate is an additive in adhesives. It is used to preserve timber and ward off wood worms and to avoid wood rot. In concrete, it serves both as a coloring ingredient and an antiseptic. It prevents mold growth in building materials. It keeps tree roots from growing in sewerage systems. It is a coloring agent for glass, cement, and ceramics. It has other various chemical uses – a catalyst, an electrolyte, and an ingredient in preparations of other chemicals. It is used in precipitation reactions and purification processes.

Jo is a content writer for ‘ReAgent Chemical Services Ltd’ (, an established UK stationed chemical firm that manufactures, carries and distributes a wide selection of premium chemicals. If your corporation is looking for premium chemical product for example

Copper Sulphate

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Identifying The Main Uses of Copper Sulphate